links

Remember to put your NAME AT THE END OF EVERY ENTRY YOU POST!


Grammar, Punctuation, Mechanics

Ten Frequently Asked Business Writing Questions (and answers!)
A quick and useful site I came across from The Writing Center, Inc. (PKD)


Purdue OWL— Action Verbs to Describe Skills, Jobs, and Accomplishments in Employment Documents

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This website is helpful because it explains to you how to use action verbs to explain things in a workplace. It shows examples and even categorizes commonly used action verbs into different categories such as communication skills, financial skills, leadership skills, and other areas of interest for someone in the workplace.

Did you know…?
It is better to use an action verb in a sentence because it is more concise. It makes it easier to read and understand the message you are conveying as well.

Posted by Belen Araneda


Business Writing Tone in Business Writing

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It is important to adjust your tone of writing for different situations including writing formally/informally and making effective requests/demands. It is also important to know who you are writing to and how that can affect your word choice. For example, Americans tend to write more formally than Britain’s and Australian’s, so an American writing to someone from these countries should remember to not sound too familiar.

Did you know…?
Many people try to use long, fancy words in order to make a good impression. This is not always necessary and can sometimes come across as overreaching yourself and looks suspiscious in business writing.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


Purdue Owl: Parallel Structure in Professional Writing

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This website addresses as well as defines how to use “parallelism.” Parallelism is when a writer “expresses ideas of equal weight” within their writing. The website offers examples of both incorrect and correct usage of the parallel structure.

Did you know…?
Parallel structure can be used for any type of writing. It does not have to be used strictly for business writing.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


Purdue OWL -Revision in Business Writing

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This website addresses essential tips on what to do when revising a piece of writing in business writing. The advice discusses how the writer should put themselves in the audiences perspective when revising. The advice also suggests that writers should make sure that they include only the necessary information for the reader. There is also questions provided that help the writer to decide what information to include.

Did you know…?
In order "to revise effectively, you must first distance yourself from your writing so that you can respond objectively."

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI



[http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/607/1/] - Quick Rules to Commas
Summary This website outlines some basic and commonly miss-used comma rules. The site lists tons of quick rules of using commas in every writing situation.

Did you know …? You should use commas wherever necessary to prevent possible confusion or misreading. Comma use makes writing much easier for the reader.
POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


-LEO: Literacy Education Online– Strategies for Eliminating Wordiness

- This website helps the reader understand what they should do to eliminate wordiness in their writing process. Being wordy is a natural part of drafting, so re-reading your work and having other people check it always help.

- Did you know…? “Combine two closely related short sentences by omitting part of one.”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA



Getting Through Writer's Block - Purdue Owl

Summary: This website lists ways to overcome writer's block which can be a major problem in writing anything from a research paper to even a memo. This website goes through every problem you may have and lists some reasons and cures for each

Did You Know? Start writing at whatever point you like. If you want to begin in the middle, fine. Leave the introduction or first section until later. The reader will never know that you wrote the paper "backwards." Besides, some writers routinely save the introduction until later when they have a clearer idea of what the main idea and purpose of the piece will be.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli



Purdue Owl- How to use numbers within a document

Summary: This page overviews a common problem with writing documents: how to use numbers. The page goes through the different scenarios of when you would use numbers and how you would use them within any kind of document.

Did You Know?Write out numbers beginning sentences.
Six percent of the group failed.
NOT: 6% of the group failed.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli



Purdue Owl- How to use appositives

Summary: Appositives are used within a document when you need to describe a noun or pronoun by using another noun or pronoun. This page describes when and where you should use appositives and their proper formatting.

Did You KnowIn some cases, the noun being explained is too general without the appositive; the information is essential to the meaning of the sentence. When this is the case, do not place commas around the appositive; just leave it alone. If the sentence would be clear and complete without the appositive, then commas are necessary; place one before and one after the appositive.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Purdue OWL—APA Formatting and Style Guide

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This website gives guidelines on how to write a paper using the APA formatting style. It explains the four different sections of a paper (title page, abstract, main body, and references) and the formatting of each section.

Did you know…?
Abstracts should be between 150-250 words, one paragraph, no indents, double-spaced, and it should give a basic summary of the major points of your paper.

Posted by Belen Araneda


Write Express - [http://www.writeexpress.com/business-letter-format.html]

- This website informs the reader with ways how to head and close a letter. It gives the reader a visual of how to compose a complete and proper letter/memo

- Did you know…? “It is best to keep an initial business letter short. Business people are busy and do not have time to read long letters!.”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


- Purdue OWL – Audience Analysis Overview

- Audiences consist of all diverse kinds of people, therefore you must adjust your writing techniques by using the development stage, reading stage, and action stage. This three step technique will improve your readers understanding.

- Did you know…? “ keep in mind that documents may not go through a clear, three-step process”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


-LEO: Literacy Education Online– [ http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/style/genderbias.html Avoiding Gender Bias in Pronouns]

- This website focuses in on avoiding gender bias by understanding “how” you say things rather than “what” it is you are actually saying.

- Did you know…? “Use his or her, he/she, or s/he when you occasionally need to stress the action of an individual. Such references won't be awkward unless they're frequent..”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA



Purdue OWL- Higher Order Concerns: Is Your Document Sound? http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/548/1/

This website gives guidelines and ways for people to improve their writing by going through a checklist. The page includes helpful examples on focus and purpose, audience, organization, document design, and development, which are important aspects involved for business writing.
Did you know… “Business writing is action-oriented, rhetorical, and user-centered. It aims to effect positive change, through both persuasive and informative strategies.”

By: Christa Bramante



Purdue OWL—Hyphen Use

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This website serves as a guide on how to correctly use hyphens. It lists different instances where hyphens should be used and it gives many examples showing how they are used.

Did you know…?
Before a noun, you should hyphenate words that are used as a single adjective. But, after a noun, the same exact adjectives do not need to be hyphenated.

Posted by Belen Araneda



Purdue OWL— Visual-Textual Devices for Achieving Emphasis

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This websites explains how to and how to not use underlining, italics and boldface to emphasize words. It gives examples and also advises not to use all-capitals letters to emphasize something because it may send the unintentional message that you are shouting.

Did you know…?
When writing, use italics rather than fonts, sizes, etc. to emphasize words. Using too many visual aids to emphasize words can make a paper look messy.

Posted by Belen Araneda



SUNY—Proper Handling of Quotations

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This websites explains how quotations should be used, when quotations should be used, if single or double quotes should be used, and how to effectively use quotes. It also gives a few examples of quotations being correctly used.

Did you know…?
You should only use quotes when the specific wording is important. Otherwise, you should always try to paraphrase.

Posted by Belen Araneda



UNC— Audience

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This websites helps to understand how writing changes depending on your audience. The changes would appear in “content, structure, and even tone.” It also tells you how to identify your audience and gives you questions to ask yourself to figure out what your audience is expecting from you.

Did you know…?
When rereading a paper that you have just written, don’t read it as the writer. Try to read as a normal reader. In other words, read it as if you know nothing about the subject you are writing about. When you read a paper as the write of that paper, you tend to miss the gaps and points that would otherwise confuse other readers. This is because you are filling in those gaps and points with the previous knowledge that you have in your head.

Posted by Belen Araneda


Purdue Owl – Appropriate Language: Overview

Summary: This link shows you which types of conversational bits are appropriate and which are not when it comes to a business scenario. Inappropriate language can damage not only your own reputation, but the company in which you work for as well.

Did You Know… The term “Sunshine Units” is a term for a power plant that is leaking radiation into the surrounding areas.

Posted By: Lauren Piper


What is an Action Verb?

Summary: “An action verb expresses achievements or something a person does in a concise, persuasive manner.”

Did You Know… "The following list is an example of action verbs in resume job descriptions:
• Accelerated introduction of a new technology, which increased productivity by 15%
• Organized consumer databases to efficiently track product orders
• Supervised a team of six service employees."

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Model / Sample Documents



Purdue OWL - Sample Memo
From Purdue OWL

This website gives an example of what a memo should look like when finished. This sample memo allows one to visually see the lay out and expectations of a memo. Discussing and viewing the specific parts of a memo and providing examples and explanations will help make your memo to be more effective.

Did you know… that by simply looking at a sample memo you may be able to solve any memo-writing problems you may have encountered?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane



Purdue Owl- Sample Resume

This is a link to a sample resume that can help you find out exactly what you need to put within your resume. The sample resume includes everything you need to know about resume writing including what sections you need to include as well as how wordy your resume should be.

Did you know… that references should be at the end of your resume and you should include contact information for each.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Purdue Owl- Sample Proposals

This is a direct link to a .pdf file that has several sample proposals. These proposals may help with the writing of your own proposal as they map out exactly what a proposal should include. It also highlights the different sections of a proposal and their length in comparison with the other sections.

Did you know… that most proposals do not include fancy fonts or over-the-top layouts. A simple design is always better suited for a proposal.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Purdue Owl- Sample APA Paper

This is another direct link to a .pdf file that gives a sample of a paper written in APA formatting. Since most students are used to working with the MLA format, this link may help if they find themselves in need of writing an APA paper and need a visual source for reference.

Did you know…that most papers written in APA formatting rules should include an abstract at the very beginning?

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Purdue Owl- Sample Letters

This page covers the different types of letter writing formats for both personal and business use. Many people may not realize that there are a whole plethora of different letter types and may not know which is best for whatever they are trying to convey.

Did you know… that If you have enclosed any documents along with the letter, such as a resume, you indicate this simply by typing Enclosures one line below the closing. As an option, you may list the name of each document you are including in the envelope. For instance, if you have included many documents and need to ensure that the recipient is aware of each document, it may be a good idea to list the names.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Electronic writing (emails, texts, instant messaging, websites, blogs, wikis)


Webfoot—A Beginner’s Guide to Effective Email

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This website serves to explain the content of email messages; not how to send an email. It emphasizes the fact that email messages lack emotion, voice intonations, body language, etc. Because of that, it is important to be able to clearly convey your message using only words. This website gives you tips on how to do that.

Did you know…?
Sarcasm is particularly dangerous to use in email.

Posted by Belen Araneda


Purdue Owl Email Ettiquette

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When an individual is writing an email, it is essential to know how to be proper in the context of your email in the working world. This website addresses this issue and discusses the various questions that people often have when continuing an email, writing an email to someone you don’t know, sending attachments, etc.

Did you know…?
When you are sending larger emails, you should first send your recipient an email stating that you will be sending a large email and why you will be doing so.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


[http://www.webfoot.com/advice/email.sig.php] - Greetings and Signatures
Summary This website goes over how best to use a greeting in an e-mail. According to the site many people are confused about salutations, and simple is always better. Also, signatures should be clear with name and perhaps a telephone number.
Did you know …? That greeting in e-mails are tricky based on cultures; some cultures present family names first while others second. Also, "In the United States, it is a bad idea to use "Sir" or "Mr." unless you are absolutely certain that your correspondent is male. Similarly, it is probably safer to use "Ms." instead of "Miss" or "Mrs." unless you know the preference of the woman in question."

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


[http://www.ojr.org/ojr/wiki/writing/] - How to Write for the Web
SummaryThis website focusing on tips for all different kinds of writing for the web. It lists helpful information for blogging, wikis, discussion boards, and general tips.
Did you know . . .? That when writing on the web shorter is better and "readers appreciate writers who do not waste their time." Web writing should also use active voice as much as possible.

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


formatting
It is a guide to use tools of MsWord like Bullets, Paragraphs, Tab Styles and Headings.

Did you know the difference between bullets and numbers is that numbers are used when we need a sequence.
Posted by Gauri Gokhale


Purdue Owl – Email Etiquette

Summary: This is a helpful site that breaks down certain aspects of sending a professional email into categories. It has what not to send in a professional email, as well as how to send an email that isn’t tYpd lyK a TXT msG.

Did You Know… Personal attacks and grievances should not be aired out through email, since it can potentially be traced back to you if something serious occurs.

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Purdue Owl - Sales Letters: Four Point Action Closing

Summary: This gives the writer the four best points to bring up in the closing of a letter to have your reader take action after the letter has been read.

Did You Know… Getting your reader to take action as soon as possible is beneficial to both you and them.

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Purdue Owl - Parallel Structure in Professional Writing

Summary: When writing a professional letter, always remember to keep the same tone. Stay professional from start to finish, don’t switch between professional and personal within the letter.

Did You Know… There is a difference between professional-friendly and personal. Professional-friendly can still be used to appease the reader and to still maintain a professional approach instead of trying to be friends with your reader.

Posted By: Lauren Piper


-LEO: Literacy Education Online– Cover Letter Style

- This website discusses how cover letters are extremely significant for the presentation of the report/project being written.

- Did you know…? “Adapting a formal tone will promote yourself as a professional..”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


Basic business writing (letters, memos, proposals, reports)

Strategies for Writing Persuasive Letters -[http://www.washburn.edu/services/zzcwwctr/persuasive-ltrs.wm.txt]

- This website informs the reader with an example of business letters/memos. It also gives us tips on how to revise our final proposal

- Did you know…? “If you are composing a sales letter, describe those
features of your product or service relevant to your
readers' interests and needs.”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


Management Help Organizing Information in Written Reports

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This section of the website deals with formatting and organizing information in business writing. This page gives the writer sample documents of types of reports and how to organize and format them professionally.

Did you know…?
By using the proper heading that “writers are more likely to address their readers needs for information.”

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


UNC - Abstracts

- This website provides us with a deeper understanding on what an abstract really is. Abstracts are used at the beginning of a paper to draw in the readers attention with a powerful and detailed statement. The website also gives us insight on how and when to use an abstract, along with the different kinds like decriptive and informative

- Did you know…"No matter what type of abstract you are writing, or whether you are abstracting your own work or someone else's, the most important step in writing an abstract is to revise early and often."

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


UNC - Brainstorming

- This website brings us to a better knowledge on how to form a business letter. Brainstorming and thinking outside of the box are some examples given to start your given task. Although writing a paper may be difficult at times, this website provides us with brainstorming tactics that will help you to develop an understanding on the topic.

- Did you know…"When you freewrite, you let your thoughts flow as they will, putting pen to paper and writing down whatever comes into your mind. You don't judge the quality of what you write and you don't worry about style or any surface-level issues, like spelling, grammar, or punctuation."

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


Purdue OWL - Business Letters: Accentuating the Positives
From Purdue OWL

This website focuses on how to make business letters more successful by focusing on positive writing rather than negative writing. This website explains how it is necessary for a writer to give more space to good news and less space to bad news. Good news should also be placed in a position of high emphasis to make business letters more successful.

Did you know… that more people respond more favorably to a positive idea rather than to a negative idea?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Purdue OWL - Memos: Audience and Purpose
From Purdue OWL

This website explains how memos have a twofold purpose: bringing attention to problems and solving problems. This website also explains to the writier that choosing the audience of the memo wisely is an important step in writing a memo.

Did you know… that memos are most effectively used when sent to a small to moderate amount of people to communicate company or job objectives?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Purdue OWL - Memos: Format
From Purdue OWL

This website discusses the format and general guidelines of business writing that should be followed when writing a memo. This website goes into detail showing the reader exactly how a memo should appear once completed. This website also explains how to help your reader better understand your memo by using headings for the summary and the discussion segments that follow it.

Did you know… that a memo is usually only one or two pages long and should be single spaced and left justified?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


- Purdue OWL – What is White Paper?

- White paper is used as an official government report, written in an authoritative way. Writers typically use this writing method when arguing about a grueling topic. White paper even serves marketing executives to produce commercials to influence specific customers.

- Did you know…? “In order to persuade your audience, you need to focus on their needs.”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA

Summary: “A white paper is a certain type of report that is distinctive in terms of purpose, audience, and organization. This resource will explain these issues and provide some other tips to enhance white paper content.”

Did You Know… “Originally, the term white paper was used as shorthand to refer to an official government report, indicating that the document is authoritative and informative in nature.”

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Purdue OWL - Parts of a Memo
From Purdue OWL

This website informs the reader all about memos beginning with exactly what a memo is, then describing the different parts of memos, and finally providing examples and explanations that will make a memo more successful in its purpose. The different parts of a memo that this website discusses includes heading segments, opening segments, context, tast segments, summary segments, discussion segments, closing segments, and any attachments that may be necessary.

Did you know… that the discussion segments are the longest portions of the memo and are the parts in which you are to include the details that support your ideas?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Purdue OWL - Personal Statement
A personal statement is a chance to “sell yourself” to future employers or applications. Personal statements can be either general, a 360 degree look of yourself, or focused, as in answering a specific question. Writing a personal statement is a mix of creativity, emotion, and professionalism. The page includes useful tips in creating a unique, comprehensive statement.

Did you know that in personal statements you should avoid using clichés.

Posted By: Lea Dziuba


Purdue OWL - Prewriting and Invention

This website focuses on different strategies for prewriting. If you become stuck while trying to find your purpose for writing an assignment or if you become stuck on what to write next, this website provides some useful tips on how to get over that writer's block.

Did You Know? You can "Talk to your audience, or pretend that you are being interviewed by someone — or by several people, if possible (to give yourself the opportunity of considering a subject from several different points of view)."

POSTED BY Andrew Fagioli


Purdue OWL - Revision in Business Writing
From Purdue OWL

This website focuses on explaining the importance of revising a business document before it is sent out to ensure the reader will fully understand the underlying message in this document. Not only does this website show a writer exactly how to revise a document, but this website also helps one to understand the importance of doing so.

Did you know… that revision requires a shift in your perspective?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane

Summary: This resource provides insightful tips on how to revise your work and why it is important to do so.

Did You Know… "An ineffective message is a waste of everyone's time.”

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Purdue OWL - Sales Letter: Four Point Closing

This page tries to teach you how to close a deal by learning to write a good sales conclusion. Your conclusion should be clearly stated with clear instruction and simple writing, provide a date, and add a benefit to buying. These steps will help secure a sale.

Did you know a clincher or added benefit adds a psychological value to the purchase.

Posted By: Lea Dziuba


Purdue OWL - Tone in Business Writing
From Purdue OWL

This website defines "tone" and discusses ways to "determine the appropriate tone for your message." The page includes many useful examples as well as a helpful sections on areas such as using nondiscriminatory language and determining tone for negative messages.

Did you know …? It is often a good idea to "avoid using active voice when delivering negative messages."

POSTED BY PROF. DURSO


Purdue OWL - Writing the Basic Business Letter
From Purdue OWL

This website focuses on the basic parts of a business letter. A few examples would consist of the date, sender's address, inside address, salutation, body, closing, enclosures, and typists. This website also goes into detail about font and format of a basic business letter.

Did you know… that the accepted format to write out a date in a business letters is to write out the month, day and year two inches from the top of the page?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


How Audience and Purpose Affect Focus, http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/processes/purpose
This website recognizes the significance of writing and how to always remember who you are writing for. There are many resources available to improve writing skills such as activities, feedback, blogs, writing classes, the library, and many examples listed on their web page. As writers, we need to pay attention to our audience and adjust our writing accordingly. The page focuses on the main question, “Why am I writing?” or “What is my main goal or purpose of my writing?”
Did you know… “All readers have expectations. They assume what they read will meet their expectations.”

By:Christa Bramante


Purdue OWL- Higher Order Concerns: Is Your Document Sound? http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/548/1/
This website gives guidelines and ways for people to improve their writing by going through a checklist. The page includes helpful examples which include focus and purpose, audience, organization and document design, development, and others documents for successful business writing,
Did you know… “Business writing is action-oriented, rhetorical, and user-centered. It aims to effect positive change, through both persuasive and informative strategies.”
By:Christa Bramante


3.Purdue OWL- Parallel structure in Professional Writing
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/644/1/
This website discusses the importance of choosing words that will help make concise writing. Sentence structure and consistency are two important factors in conveying a clear message to your audience.
Did you know… “You can use parallel structure in any kind of writing that you do, whether that writing is on or off the job.”

By: Christa Bramante



The University of Toronto—Proposals

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This website breaks down the different sections of a proposal and tells you what each section is used for. Using steps, it then takes you what should be included in each section of the proposal. It also gives you a sample.

Did you know…?
Don’t assume that the reader knows anything. Restate and explain anything that you want to write about.

Posted by Belen Araneda


[http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/626/01/ Purdue Owl – Job Skills Checklist
]
Summary: It’s a long list of ideas that are helpful when creating your resume. If you’re having a problem trying to think of what to put on your resume, looking at this list will help jump-start your brain and give you some ideas.

Did You Know… Not only is this list good for helping with building your resume, but it is also helpful for your cover letter

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Higher Order Concerns: Is Your Document Sound?

Summary: You need to make sure that when you are revising a business document that the more important things are mentioned first, with more emphasis than those to a lesser degree of importance.

Did You Know… "That there are 4 things your document should answer:
• What is your purpose in writing the document?
• What purpose should the document serve for your reader?
• Is your main point stated early in the document?
• What do you want your reader to do when s/he finishes reading the document?"

Posted By: Lauren Piper


Purdue Owl: Writing Report Abstracts

Annotation
This website discusses how to write abstracts. The information provided on this site distinguishes the differences between an informal abstract and a descriptive abstract. In addition, the website also provides steps in order to formulate a strong abstract.

Did you know…?
When proof reading your abstract, you should “re-read” the abstract, while keeping the central meaning and goal of the abstract in mind.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


Purdue Owl: Sales Letters: Four Point Action Closing

Annotation
When writing a sales letter, it is important for the writer to be as persuasive as possible so that individuals will have interest within the product. The information provided on this website discusses the necessary steps the writer needs to take in order to write a strong closing for their sales letter.

Did you know…?
If the writer uses “careful wording,” (which is straight forward and easy wording) the individual is more likely to be less “reluctant” when thinking about taking immediate action.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


Purdue Owl: White Paper: Purpose and Audience

Annotation
A government report is a report that provides authoritative information and is most commonly referred to as a “white paper.” This website discusses the purposes of writing/using a white paper. In addition, it clarifies when it is most appropriate to use this type of document.

Did you know…?
White papers have become favorable “marketing tools for corporations especially on the Internet.” This is due to the number of interested customers who browse for information on the Internet.

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


The Writing Center @ Rensselaer Types of Business Proposals

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This website is extremely helpful because it clearly defines the types of business proposals (IFB, RFP, & RFGQ). To someone who is new to business writing, this website will provide the writer with clarification of what each kind of proposal is and how to go about writing one in terms of structure and persuasion.

Did you know…?
“Understanding the needs of the reader goes hand in hand with knowing your audience.”

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


News Center Ten elements of an Effective Press Release

Annotation
The information provided on this website addresses ten helpful tips to use when writing a press release. A press release is when a statement made by organizations and companies that is intended for the general product. However, it is tough to get press releases across editors, since they often receive an abundance of press releases. These ten tips will help the writer up their chances of producing a successful press release.

Did you know…?
You should “only issue press releases that are newsworthy.”

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI


Researching


The Bedford Research Room: How to Evaluate a Scholarly or Professional Journal Article
This website provides a whole plethora of information regarding sources. Specifically, this website focuses on scholarly and professional journals and how to know which ones would best suit your needs for your research. It provides links to evaluate the relevence, evidence, authors, publishers, timeliness, and comprehensiveness.

Did You Know? "Experienced researchers know that the publisher of a source—the person, organization, government agency, or corporation that prints or electronically distributes a source—plays an important role in shaping its content. Like authors, publishers usually have a bias about a particular topic or issue."

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


[http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/559/1/]- Primary Research
Summary This site goes through some background and basic information about primary research and how to collect it. Some business writing may require you to go out and get your own research, this site can aid in that process. Types of primary research are interview, surveys, observations, and analysis.
Did you know …? Interviews "are useful when you want to get an expert or knowledgeable opinion on a subject" and surveys "provide a limited amount of information from a large group of people and are useful when you want to learn what a larger population thinks."

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


[http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/558/06/] - Search Engines and Web Directories
Summary This site lists tons of helpful search engines that will be of great use when researching. The site also details what the search engines are good for and what can be best found in the directories.

Did you know …? Webcrawler search engine can search information by location, domain name, and for multimedia. Also, Excite search engine allows you to search by language, for video, audio, and mp3, and by relevant date.

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


[ http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/statistics.html] - Statistics
Summary This website discusses how best to research and use statistics in your writing. The website shows how important it is have reliable sources for your statistics and the data's background.

Did you know …? That before you use statistics you should know where they come from, who researched the data, why, and if their were any bias in the research. Also, when talking about the "averages" in statistics you should not write the word "average" but mean instead.

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


Finding a Job


Purdue OWL - How do I read job advertisements carefully?
From Purdue OWL

This website explains what one should do before writing a cover letter. Gathering information about yourself, the company, and the job more specifically is an important step before writing a cover letter. This web site also helps one to learn how to "sell him/herself" in a cover letter. This website explains to one how to pull out important information from a job advertisement, including key words that signal exactly what an employer may consider as important.

Did you know… that key words to look out for while searching a job adversitment may include: highly motivated, customer-oriented, communication, multi-task, and public relations material?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Purdue OWL - Introduction to and Expectations for Resumes
From Purdue OWL

This website exactly what a resume is and what it should look it. This website goes into detail about what a resume should have including an objective, education, work experience, and contact information. This website also includes optional sections to add to your resume to provide a more accurate idea of your skills, achievements, and education. A few examples would include computer skills, honors and awards, languages, and certifications.

Did you know… that research has shown that it takes an average of ten interviews to receive one job offer? Therefore, your resume must be persuasive and perfect!

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


[http://www.bls.gov/oco/oco20042.htm] - Job Search Methods
Summary This government site offers many helpful ides for searching for a job. The site lists using personal contacts, employers, classified ads, internet resources, labor unions, and many more.

Did you know …? "In online job databases, remember that job listings may be posted by field or discipline, so begin your search using keywords. Many Web sites allow job seekers to post their resumes online for free."

POSTED BY: Lea Dziuba


Purdue OWL: Resume Design

This website provides a basic but important overview of designing a resume. It goes through the frequently asked questions about resumes and tries to clear some of the myths and rumors associated with making them. This site also provides many useful little tips for creating a resume that's both eye-catching and informative while not boring the reader.

Did You Know? How do you know when you have successfully created an easily read resume that allows employers to process information quickly? Try having someone perform the 20-second test on your resume. Simply time your reader for twenty seconds as he or she reads your resume. What all did he or she learn about you? If your reader noticed within twenty seconds what you want employers to learn about you, then most likely you have created an effective resume. If not, try moving important information to the first quadrant, checking that you have used sans serif and serif fonts consistently, and limiting the tools for emphasis you use in your document.

Posted by: Andrew Fagioli


Purdue Owl - Tailoring Employment Documents for a Specific Audience

In any kind of professional writing, it is important to keep your audience in mind, you need to know who you are writing for. Employment documents are tailored for one of two audiences, skimmers or skeptics. The page gives helpful tips to write for either readers who skim or readers who are skeptical.

Did you know that you should place the most important information in the beginning and ending of your paragraphs.

Posted By: Lea Dziuba


Purdue OWL -What Is a Cover Letter
From Purdue OWL

This website goes into a great amount of detail about a cover letter. This website explains exactly what a cover letter is, the purpose of a cover letter, and the information that should be included in it. This website explains that a cover letter is usually the very first document that an employer will see, so it is typically the first impression that you will make.

Did you know/realize… that cover letters provide a sample of your written communication skills to your potential employer?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Purdue OWL - What do I include in my cover letter heading?
From Purdue OWL

This website explains the importance of a heading in a cover letter and exactly what a heading should consist of. The heading provides your contact information, the date you are writing, and the address of the company to which you are applying. This website also explains exactly what you will want to include under your contact information when writing a cover letter. This web site gives a few examples as to what your cover letter heading should look like when complete.

Did you know… that when including your address into your contact information, you need to include the address where you can easily be reached? For example, if you live at college, will it be more accessible to include the local address or your permanent address?

POSTED BY: Kayla Varcadipane


Textbook Website: Preparing an Effective Résumé

Annotation
This websites serves as a guide for how to write a great résumé. It includes tips on what you should include in your résumé, how long it should be, how to format it, etc. It also includes examples of good résumés.

Did you know…?
When writing a résumé, you should avoid using the word "I." Also, write in fragments rather than complete sentences.

Psoted by Belen Araneda



Textbook Website: Writing an Effective Cover Letter

Annotation
This website defines what a cover letter and what it’s purpose is. It also gives you tips on what a cover letter should include and how it should be formatted. It also gives you a link to see examples of good cover letters.

Did you know…?
Cover letters usually follow a format of three paragraphs; the first paragraph tells the reader who you are, the second paragraph tells the reader why you should be hired, and the third paragraph asks for an interview and serves as a closer.

Posted by Belen Araneda


Purdue OWL - Writing the Basic Business Letter

- This website informs the reader with “Parts of a Business Letter.” This gives the reader/writer a better understanding on the key steps he/she must take in order to complete a successful business letter. The steps include the date, sender’s address, inside address, salutation, body, closing, enclosures, and typist initials. This seems like a lot of work, but it is pretty basic and to the point.

- Did you know…? “The most common layout of a business letter is known as block format.”

POSTED BY: MEGAN FERREIRA


Purdue OWL -Revision in Business Writing

-This website addresses essential tips on what to do when revising a piece of writing in business writing. The advice discusses how the writer should put themselves in the audiences perspective when revising. The advice also suggests that writers should make sure that they include only the necessary information for the reader. There is also questions provided that help the writer to decide what information to include.

-Did you know..that in order "to revise effectively, you must first distance yourself from your writing so that you can respond objectively."

POSTED BY: JULIANNE KUCZINSKI

Submission Field:

1. The Belford Research Room
The Belford Research Room gives students step by step instructions on how to create many documents for a business from a website to how to search items. The Belford Research room also gives the learner instructions on how to create essays with avoiding plagiarism, and to stay on topic.
Did you know that when evaluating your sources that are presented to you when trying to write an essay, the key idea is to first see if there is any relevance of the source for your essay? If you feel that the source is relevant, you can highlight certain aspects of the essay and summarize it through Microsoft word.
by Deanna Wolf

2. Designing for the Web: A Tutorial by Mike Markel
Mike Markel shines light onto the fact not many people find it simple to create websites. Markel explains that depending on the website all depends on the format and the information being presented on the website. Markel explains images to inform the viewers how to create a website.
Did you know after creating your website, you must launch your website onto a web server in order for your website to be seen on the public Internet.
by Deanna Wolf
3. The St. Marin's Tutorial on Avoiding Plagiarism
This website presents ways that plagiarism can be presented throughout an essay. Unfortunately, plagiarism is accidently placed into a paper without the intention of actually cheating. St. Martin’s Tutorial shows ways to avoid plagiarism throughout the essay.
Did you know that most plagiarism is unintentional, and the most popular form of plagiarism for the unintentional victims is patworking?
by Deanna Wolf

4. Purdue OWL-Rhetorical Awareness and User Center Design http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/624/01/
This website ways (Rhetorical Awareness and User Center Design) to improve the persuasiveness of one’s writing to make it so that the writing is more clear and sophisticated. It also helps you focus who your audience, and place the writer in the audience’s shoes in order to persuade them into a certain way of thinking.
Did you know…workplace writing is always persuasive?
By Deanna Wolf
5. Purdue OWL- Memos http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/590/01/
This website shows how memos should be formatted and what they should entitle. They are created to solve problems or address problems that are presented within a workplace. As always, the memo should be presented in such a way to please the audience that the memo is being presented to, not to offend the audience.
Did you know…you should not send a memo to the entire office?
By Deanna Wolf
6. Purdue OWL- White Papers http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/546/02/
Purdue OWL presents white papers as a basic picture of an issue of a problem and forms step by step ways to fix the problem. The white papers have an introduction, which gives an overview of the problem, gives the problem itself, suggests a solution to a problem, and advertises ways to come up with a solution. Then, of course, there is a conclusion and a works cited page to cite the documents where the white paper is formed from.
Did you know…? That visuals and examples are great ways to grab the audience’s attention?
By Deanna Wolf
7. Purdue OWL- Tone is Business writing http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/652/1/
Tone is all about the audience and how the writing documents should be perceived. If one is trying to persuade the audience to support a grant, they have to write in a persuasive tone to suck the audience in. If they are writing in a tone to address a problem or an issue, they must address the problem in a professional way not to offend the audience, but to show that there is a concern.
Did you know…? Confidence is the key to business writing.
By Deanna Wolf
8. Purdue OWL- Parallel Structure http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/644/01/
Wording of documents completely changes the message you are trying to send to the audience. Being consistent with you writing makes a difference. If you change from first person to second person within you writing, the writing won’t send the message correctly.
Did you know…? Parallel writing will balance you writing and help deliver your meaning to the audience?
By Deanna Wolf
9. Purdue OWL- Audience Analysis: The Developmental Stage http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/629/02/
Targeting your audience is the key to success within business writing. There is a developmental stage to targeting your audience. This website tells you how to research your audience and figure out which audience you are targeting, and then place yourself in the audience’s shoes to figure out how to write a way to persuade them to coincide with the writer.
Did you know…? Organization and how the reader reads your document is a key way to grab the audience?
10. Purdue OWL- Prioritizing your concerns for Effective Business Writing- High Order Concerns http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/548/02/
When revising a document, there are different priorities: documents you should get to first and documents that can wait. When revising documents, Purdue OWL expresses that having proper grammar is the key to good writing after looking over the specific points of the draft. The audience is drawn to good punctuation, grammar, and sentence structure, and without that, the document is not written to the fullest extent.
Did you know…? Audiences won’t pay close attention to writing that is not written properly?


UNC Libraries http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/business.html
-Business Writing
-This website is affiliated with the University of North Carolina. It basically describes the basic ideas of how to write a business document. It goes over basic grammer and technical skills one should know when writing business documents.
-Did you know that business writing should be short and to the point, because you should assume your audience does not have much time to read the document?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Wikiversity http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Technical_writing_audience
-Technical Writing Audience
-This website teaches you how to analyze your audience. It teaches you how to precisely decide who the audience is that you are writing to. It provides techniques on how to figure out your audience.
-Did you know that the environment of your reader affects what you write, and its format?
By ANDREW ROSADO


About.Com http://esl.about.com/cs/englishworkplace/ht/ht_bletter.htm-
-How to Write a Business Letter in English
-This website provides very basic instructions on how to write a business letter. The webpage is laid out in a numbered list which easily allows you to follow directions.
-Did you know that you should always include a “Thank You” at the end of your letter.
BY Andrew Rosado


Writing-Business-Letters.Com http://www.writing-business-letters.com/index.html
-Ever Try to Write Business Letters?
-This website provides instructions and tips on how to write different types of business and technical writings. On the left of the website, they provide a list of different types of business letters and instructions how to write them.
-Did you know that you should write a thank you letter 24 hours after an interview?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Letter Writing Guide http://www.letterwritingguide.com/
-Letter Writing and Sample Letters
-This website, similar to the previous one listed, provides a list of different business writings and instructions on how to write them. They also provide templates of example letters so you can get an idea on what to do.
-Did you know after you send a request letter for recommendation, you should send a thank you note to the reader?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Resume-Help.Org http://www.resume-help.org/cover_letter_tips.htm
-Cover Letter Writing Tips
-This site provides basic instructions and advice on how to write a resume and more importantly a cover letter. They also provide a professional writing service that will assist you in your writings for a small fee.
-Did you know that you should be able to read your resume within 20 seconds?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Scholastic http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/unitplan.jsp?id=65
-Writing Persuasive Letters
-This site is intended for teachers, but actually provides a lot of useful information when it comes to writing persuasive letters. They allow users to read PDF files that help in all parts of writing.
-Did you know that writing a persuasive letter is a form of argument?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Purdue Owl Writing http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/732/01/
-Medical Writing
-This section of the Purdue Owl Writing site provided information on how to perform medical writing, which is different than typical writing. It provides basic advice and skill knowledge that will help one correctly write medical letters.
-Did you know that medical writing is one of the most difficult writings, due to the fact that you have to translate a lot of medical jargon into basic language?
By ANDREW ROSADO


The Roberts Group http://www.editorialservice.com/11ways.html
-Writing Tips
-This site provides 11 tips on how to improve your business writing. It provides brief tips of how to improve your writing and links that go into further detail with instruction and advice.
-Did you know that you should give your reader a “map” so that they can easily guide themselves through your writing and not get lost and confused?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Word-Mart.Com http://www.word-mart.com/html/business_writing_tips.html
-Business Writing Tips
-Like the previously listed website, this site also provides tips and links that go into depth on how to improve your business writing.
-Did you know that you should never use underline AND italics at the same time when trying to have a word be noticed?
By ANDREW ROSADO


Basic Learning Systems - http://www.basic-learning.com/tips/tips.aspx

  • Weekly Writing Tips
  • This site provides a different writing tip every week. This weeks tip was “Quantifying determiners, such as some, none, all, both, any, few, etc. typically come before "of whom," "of which," or "of whose." For example: I have read the articles, some of which seem applicable. The determiners can sometimes come after these words. For example: I have read the articles, of which some seem applicable.”
  • Did you know that the words that come before the words like whom or of whose, are usually called quantifiers?
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

Purdue Owl Systems - http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/543/01/

  • What is an Action Verb?
  • This section of the Purdue Owl site provided detailed information on what an action verb is and how to use it properly. It also goes into great detail on why it is useful to use action verbs in workplace writing.
  • Did you know that n order to make a striking first impression, you should use action verbs as the first word of each bullet point to emphasize job descriptions in your resume?
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

UsingEnglish.Com - http://www.usingenglish.com/resources/letter-writing.html

  • Formal Letter Writing
  • This website provides information on how to layout your formal letter and what the content of it should be. It lists each section of the formal letter and goes into detail on what type of information should be included.
  • Did you know the best writing is usually the most simple and clear letters? Usually people like to read something and get to the point.
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

Letter Writing Guide - http://www.letterwritingguide.com/businessemail.htm

  • Business Email Writing
  • This website provides simple instructions on how to write an email meant for business purposes. It provides simple instructions and is very easy to understand and follow.
  • Did you know that you should try to keep your letter less than 80 characters wide? Some email readers will create line breaks on anything longer and ruin the formatting.
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

Daily Writing Tips - http://www.dailywritingtips.com/how-to-format-a-us-business-letter/

  • How to Format a US Business Letter
  • This site provides simple instructions on how to write a basic business letter. It goes through basic parts of a business letter and what content should be included. It also provides links to other sources that will help with business writing.
  • Did you know that he main formats for business letters in the US are called full block format and modified block format?
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

Arizona State University - http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PAFIS3lD5tkJ:studentsuccess.asu.edu/files/shared/tempe/tipsheets/The%2520Business%2520Letter%2520Ten%2520Tips.doc+business+letter+writing+tips&cd=23&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

  • Business Letters: Ten Tips
  • This letter provides ten tips on how to write a business letter. The tips on the website are simple and basic, but will help you greatly when it comes to your business writing.
  • Did you know that your letter should sound like a conversation? Many people don't like it when your writing sounds robotic and fake.
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

Article Base - http://www.articlesbase.com/business-articles/tips-for-writing-a-good-memo-in-business-communication-97931.html

  • Tips for Writing a Good Memo in Business Communication
  • This site, like the previously listed one, provides tips on how to write a good business letter. It talks about each part of a business letter, while providing detailed information on what to include and more importantly what not to include.
  • Did you know if you have attached any attachments to an email that you should only mention them at the end of your writing so you do not distract the reader from the steady flow of the letter/email?
  • Posted By Meg Carrier

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